Web development has never stopped developing. Today, web applications are dominating the market because they offer flexibility and intractability that was unseen before. Let’s discuss top front-end and server-side technologies that will transform web designing in 2022.
Developed by Google, Angular is a framework that helps build client-side web applications with HTML, CSS, and TypeScript. Single-page applications, that follow component-based architecture, are developed with Angular.
Angular has a lot of built-in modules that help develop enterprise web applications efficiently. Angular modules are building blocks such as components, templates, and pipes that build extensive applications.
Components are user interface (UI) building blocks that the users visiting the website can interact with. The components of Angular are enriched with HTML and CSS codes for functionality and styling.
Services are objects in an Angular application that are used to share data across components.
Angular also supports dependency injection which lets developers inject service classes into component classes.
As Angular is dependent on TypeScript and component structure, it’s easier to develop dynamic web applications with Angular that requires reusability and coordination between components.
React is a component-based open source web application framework that focuses on being fast, scalable, and simple. As React is used and maintained by Facebook, it has evolved to be one of the most popular frameworks around.
React lets you develop large web applications without needing to redirect users to pages when they click on a link. Only the dynamic components–that are modified–are refreshed or loaded when the user interacts with the application.
Vue.js offers two core features. Namely Declarative Rendering and Reactivity.
Not only a single-page web application, but Vue can also be used to enhance status HTML websites, render server-side services, and develop mobile applications.
Vue.js also has extensive documentation that helps you understand the rocks, pebbles, and sand of the framework. But as it was developed in China, and is most popular among Chinese, the forums often present a language barrier for international users.
Enough of the front-end frameworks. Let’s get into the server-side frameworks now. After all, the front-end is never enough to develop a functional web app that requires talking to the database and accessing the APIs.
Django was first founded between 2003 and 2005 by a web development team that was dedicated to news websites. Soon often, they found themselves using and reusing the same codes for different websites. And they had this brilliant idea to open source the snippets and develop Django.
It’s a Python-based framework that helps secure and maintain a website that requires server and database support. Which is almost every website.
Django is a versatile, complete, and secure solution for those who don’t want to reinvent the wheel every time a new web app needs to be born. Django is frequently being used to develop dashboards and server-side interactions of every kind of application, including SaaS.
Django also uses a loosely coupled component architecture approach which establishes every component as an independent one. And ensures that no component is connected to other components–encouraging replicability and scalability.
As Django is a subset of Python programming language, it’s portable and can be run on any platform without needing to be configured.
Developed by Microsoft, ASP.NET is a server-side web application framework that is a combination of three distinct frameworks that are useful for different sorts of development styles.
The three frameworks are Web Forms, MVC, and Web Pages.
Web Forms is mainly for developers who are experienced in WPF and .NET and is best suited for rapid development using HTML markup libraries. Web Forms lets you use the familiar drag-drop approach that many CRMs practice.
MVC focuses on the ones who have extensive knowledge of Ruby on Rails and also .NET. It is great to have full control over HTML and is best for mobile app development. MVC makes the development process agile, and efficient by giving you more control over the HTML markup to comply with the latest web standards.
Web Pages is a relatively new, but mature, framework that is designed to help PHP and classic ASP developers. And helps you get HTML markup and codes in the same file for easy accessibility. Connecting to databases, holding sessions, and managing requests become easier with Web Pages.
ASP.NET, apart from being easier to learn and versatile, offers web API creation that can help you reach more clients using browsers and mobile devices.
Bi-directional communication, that’s even non-existent on frameworks like React, is present on ASP.NET. In easy terms, ASP.NET lets servers communicate to the clients. Rather than only listening.
The discussion shouldn’t conclude without introducing microservices and Spring. Microservices are small independent fractions of applications that communicate with the APIs without being dependent on each other.
Your whole web application risks breaking down in case of a blackout. But if microservices are introduced to your servers, you can keep running elements that aren’t affected by the failure while repairing the other components.
Spring is developed on Java and is quite stable to start with. On top of that, the extensive features like tracking, metrics, and health status of Spring make the job of developers easy to write and maintain code.
The Bottom Line
Web development has become a necessity for any business. Especially with the exponential growth of online culture after the Covid outbreak. Before today, having a website that lets users interact with the server wasn’t easy. But with front-end frameworks like Angular, React, and Vue; and server-side frameworks like ASP.NET, Django, and Spring, it has become as easy as ever.